Oct 30, 2007 - 5:30am
Both major parties have back flipped into similar positions on post 2012
international climate agreements under the Kyoto Framework, but the
real test on which both are silent is whether Australia’s economy will
have targets to increase or reduce its pollution post 2012, the Climate
Institute said today.
“Behind the confusion, the reality is that both
major parties currently have very similar policies on what the future
Kyoto framework will look like,” said John Connor, Chief Executive of
the Climate Institute. “And both parties have committed to emission
constraints in advance of other major emitting countries through their
commitments to domestic emissions trading schemes.”
tell us that to avoid dangerous climate change, the world’s greenhouse
pollution needs to peak before 2015 and the political reality now
seemingly acknowledged by both parties is that developed countries must
lead the way. But neither party has committed Australia to leading
global efforts to avoid dangerous climate change by committing to
reversing rising greenhouse pollution with five years.”
Climate Institute released today its updated Pollute-O-Meter report
which includes recent announcements by the ALP in relation to solar
schools and insulation for rental properties. The Government’s
re-allocation of 07/08 expenditure to create a $75 million renewable
energy innovation fund could not be measured in the absence of targets
to bring that technology to the market place.
“ALP policies still
see pollution increasing by 18.4% by 2020. Coalition policies are
projected to increase emissions by over 20%.”
“On our qualitative
report card, which factors in the likely effects of policy decisions
which don’t deliver immediate quantitative reductions in greenhouse
pollution, both parties fail to pass the grade, but ALP remains ahead
40% to the Government’s 23% - largely because of their commitment to
ratify the Kyoto Protocol, which will bring economic benefits for
Australian business and put Australia into a leading and more credible
position for post 2012 international negotiations.”
the Government's shift to allow developing countries to have different
commitments. This was always envisaged as they way Kyoto would work and
it remains the key architecture necessary to drive a global climate
change solution. That is, developed nations must first commit to binding
international emissions reduction targets while developing countries
build on their existing domestic programs to avoid emissions and then
take on further commitments. Without this Kyoto style approach no
international consensus would be fair or possible.
through the climate confusion and get a clear commitment from both
parties to reverse our greenhouse pollution within the next five years
and put Australia on a path to lead the world in avoiding dangerous
Both parties wont take action unless developing countries do.
ALP and the Coalition have already committed to emission constraints in
advance of other major emitting countries through their commitments to
domestic emissions trading schemes.
Developing countries are not taking action to reduce emissions.
acknowledge by the Prime Ministers Task Group on Emission Trading many
developing countries including China and India are undertaking action
over and above their international obligations already. Overall, by
2010, policies in China are projected to avoid at least 200 million
tonnes of GHG emissions. This is the equivalent of shutting down all of
Australia’s power stations for more than a year. This figure could grow
to at least 1,700 million tonnes per year by 2010, if China’s current
energy efficiency target is met. This is the equivalent of shutting down
Australia’s power stations for nearly a decade.
Action in advance of the developing world will stop economic growth.
economic analysis by CSIRO, ABARE and the Australian Business
Roundtable on Climate Change shows that the early introduction of carbon
price is affordable to the wider Australian community and economy. The
business roundtable report found GDP continues to grow 2.1% pa with
early action and increases from $0.8 trillion in 2005 to $2 trillion in
2050. This occurs while Australia reduces emissions by 60%. ABARE’s
modelling shows GDP continues to grow by around 2.2-2.3% pa with a
40-45% reduction in emissions. In general terms all of these scenarios
assume Australia participates in global action, but that industrialised
countries take the lead in reducing emissions.